Institutional Framework

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ZAMDO 2017

July 31, 2017

ZAMDO 2017

Zambezi Dam Operators (ZAMDO) Figure 1: The 25th JOTC and 15th ExCo of ZAMDO was held on the 30th- 31st May, 2017 at Protea Hotel, Livingstone. WARMA hosted the 25th session of...

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Hon. Minister for Water Development, San…

February 16, 2017

Hon. Minister for Water Development, Sanitation and Environmental Protection calls for modernization of hydrological and meteorological services to enhance service delivery

   Hon. Kaziya making a presentation during the Africa Hydromet event panel discussion at COP 22 Hon. Lloyd Kaziya M.P, Minister for Water Development, Sanitation and Environmental Protection called for modernisation of...

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June 2, 2016


The Minister of Local Government and Housing, Honourable Stephen Kampyongo, has launched the 2015 Urban and Peri-Urban Water Supply and Sanitation Sector Report. The Honourable Minister of Local Government and Housing...

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Luangwa Catchment

The Luangwa River originates in the Mafinga Hills of the Luangwa-Malawi watershed in the north-eastern part of Zambia flowing over a stretch of 850 km at the confluence with the Zambezi River in Luangwa District. The Luangwa River Catchment (LRC) is approximately 145,690.33 Km2 within Zambian territory and it lies between latitudes 9o30” and 15o40” south, and between longitudes 28o00” and 33o45” east, while administratively it lies in five provinces, namely (largest to smallest in terms of areas); Muchinga, Eastern, Central, Lusaka and Copperbelt. The Catchment forms the international boundary with Malawi to the east, and Mozambique and Zimbabwe to the south.

                                                Map of Luangwa Catchment

 The Luangwa basin is the third largest in Zambia after the Zambezi Main River and Kafue Basins, and one of the least disturbed. The main stem is unregulated and close to pristine, while hydropower and other developments are located mainly on the Lunsemfwa tributary and on the Lusiwasi River.  The middle Luangwa is relatively free of human intervention and this, its vast size, and its mostly unaffected floodplains and high diversity of habitats make the valley one of the most important and economically valuable wildlife areas in Africa, leading to it achieving Ramsar status. The most prominent conservation areas are South and North Luangwa National Parks, with nearby smaller less developed parks (Luambe and Lukusuzi) and game management areas that act as buffer zones. The human population of the basin is low in numbers, mostly clustered in the main urban centres. Subsistence agriculture occurs along the river network in areas with fertile soils.  Other valued natural resources include fish, grazing for cattle and wild plant medicines as well as rich mineral resources for mining projects.

The LRC experiences climatic patterns corresponding to mainly three ecological zones, namely: South-eastern Plateau Zone; Rift Valley and the Northern High Rainfall Zone.

Land use
Land use include forest reserves, agriculture, national parks, wetlands, buildings, road and railway network, industrial, institutional, commercial and residential areas.

Water availability
The LRC has an estimated surface water potential of 661.4m3/s. This estimate of water potential was determined from average annual flows but may underestimate the actual water potential considering the availability of significant groundwater resources in the catchment. 

Water demand and use
An indication of water demand in LRC is provided by the water permit records kept by WARMA. There is no water permits given on the Luangwa main stem, all the permits are implemented on tributary rivers. Water use is mainly for domestic, agriculture, mining and industrial as well as hydropower. The major hydropower schemes in the catchment are Lusiwasi (12 MW) operated by ZESCO; Mita Hills (24 MW) and Mulungushi (32 MW) operated by Lunsemfwa Hydropower Company. 

WARMA at a Glance

What is WARMA?


The Water Resources Management Authority (WARMA) is an autonomous body established by the Water Resources Management Act, No. 21 of 2011. WARMA exercises control over all water resources in Zambia as envisioned in the Water Resources Management Act. The Act set out provisions to regulate the use of water in Zambia by considering or issuing of water permits with the exception of international shared water bodies.

WARMA Mandate


To preserve and protect Zambia’s ground and surface water resources and regulate the abstraction, allocation, use, development and management of water resources in a sustainable manner.

Who is Elligible for Water Permits


  • Farmers


  • Hydropower producers


  • Industries


  • Mines


  • Water Utility Companies


Who is exempted


  • Domestic and non-commercial users